The Tankan Survey is an economic survey of Japanese business issued by the Bank of Japan, which it then uses to formulate monetary policy.

The survey covers thousands of Japanese companies with a specified minimum amount of capital, although firms deemed sufficiently influential may also be included.

The companies are asked about current trends and conditions in the business place and their respective industries as well as their expected business activities for the next quarter and year.

It is considered as a big market mover for JPY currency pairs.