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The IMFC advises and reports to the IMF Board of Governors on the supervision and management of the international monetary and financial system, including responses to unfolding events that may disrupt the system.

It also considers proposals by the Executive Board to amend the Articles of Agreement and advises on any other matters that may be referred to it by the Board of Governors.

Although the IMFC has no formal decision-making powers, in practice, it has become a key instrument for providing strategic direction to the work and policies of the Fund.

The IMFC usually meets twice a year, at the Bank-Fund Annual and Spring Meetings.

For each meeting, the Managing Director prepares a draft agenda that is discussed by the Executive Board, approved by the IMFC Chair, and formally adopted by the IMFC at the meeting.

At the end of the meetings, the Committee issues a communiqué summarizing its views. These communiqués provide guidance for the IMF’s work program during the half-year leading up to the next Spring or Annual Meetings.

The size and the composition of the IMFC mirror that of the Executive Board.

The IMFC has 24 members who are central bank governors, ministers, or others of comparable rank and who are usually drawn from the governors of the Fund’s 189 member countries.

Each member country and each group of member countries that elects an Executive Director appoints a member of the IMFC.

The IMFC operates by consensus, including on the selection of its chairman. While there are no formal rules on term limits since 2007 IMFC chairmen have been appointed for a term of three years.

A number of international institutions, including the World Bank, participate as observers in the IMFC’s meetings.

IMFC MembershipChair (South Africa)
Nationalities of current members:
Algeria
Argentina
Australia
Belgium
Brazil
Canada
China
Comoros
France
Germany
India
Italy
Japan
Nigeria
Russia
Saudi Arabia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Thailand
Turkey
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States