Angela Dorothea Merkel was the Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany from November 2005 to December 2021.  She was succeeded by Olaf Scholz.  While acting Chancellor of Germany, she spent much of that duration of time as  the Chairwoman of her political party, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU).  She was succeeded by Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer in December 2018.

In November 22, 2005 Merkel became the first female Chancellor of Germany. In 2009 her party acquired the most votes, granting her a re-election and enabling her to form a larger coalition government.

Originally a physical chemist by profession, Merkel went on to become the Federal Minister of Women and Youth in 1991; Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety in 1994, and President of the European Council for six months and Chairwoman of the G8 Summit in 2007.