What a day for the British and the market players! After months of twisting, pulling, and in some cases shouting, Britain has officially voted to LEAVE the European Union.
For those who are just tuning in, you should know that Britain had just held a referendum on whether or not its citizens want to stay or leave the European Union (EU). Read our Brexit Primer if you want to know more about it!
For traders out there who need a quick 411 on what’s been happening, here are four things you need to know about today’s event.
1. The late opinion and early exit polls were wrong
Remember the last-minute polls that gave hope to the pound bulls? How about the early exit votes that reflected a slight lead for the “Remain” camp? Well, as it turned out, those reports were just plain wrong.
Yesterday over 33 million British residents showed up in 382 districts to cast their votes. This represents a 72.2% voter turnout, the largest since the U.K. election back in 1992.
At the end of the day, 51.9% voted to LEAVE while only 48.1% voted to REMAIN in the EU. England showed the most support for a Brexit with a 53.2% – 46.8% vote, followed by Wales which reflected a 51.7% – 48.3% vote. Meanwhile, Scotland and Northern Ireland both showed support for the Remain camp with their votes coming up at 38% – 62% and 44.3% – 55.7% respectively.
2. The bears went all “Hulk Smash!” on the markets
Not surprisingly, the uncertainty surrounding an imminent Brexit caused volatility and chart spikes across the financial markets. Who wouldn’t with all the gloom and doom talks from government officials, analysts, major businesses, and even Lindsay Lohan?
GBP/USD hit new 2016 highs at the start of the Asian session before it saw a U-turn all the way to the 1.3400 mark (-10%).
That’s the pound’s worst trading day on record and is its lowest level against the Greenback since 1985, people! Britain’s currency also saw similar losses against the yen (-14%), the euro (-8%), and most of its major counterparts.
Even the stock markets didn’t escape from the overall risk aversion. Nikkei closed with a 7.92% loss after briefly triggering its circuit breaker. Meanwhile, Australia’s ASX fell by 3.17%, Hang Seng fell by 2.92%, and the Shanghai index capped the day 1.36% lower.
3. The powers that be are already making their moves
Unlike the SNB’s bombshell last year, the EU referendum was a catalyst that government officials and central bankers have been preparing for. So far several authorities have already reacted to today’s events:
David Cameron stepped down as Prime Minister – A few hours after the final tally PM Cameron held a presser announcing that he would be stepping down from his position and will hand over the reins to a new PM by the time of the Conservative Conference in October. Apparently, it will be up to the new PM to negotiate the exit terms of Britain. Can anyone say hot potato?
Japan started jawboning before it was cool – Just as volatility was starting to get interesting, Japan’s Finance Minister Taro Aso hit the newswires, warning that they’re worried about Brexit’s impact on the global economies and financial markets. He added that they will “respond firmly when necessary.” Duhn duhn duhn.
BOE’s Mark Carney gave his own PSA – In a presser that’s worthy of a House of Cards episode, Bank of England Governor Mark Carney tried to calm the markets by saying that he and his gang have “taken all the necessary steps to prepare for today’s events.” If you recall, Carney had campaigned against a Brexit, saying that it would lead to low employment, a weak pound, and possibly even a technical recession.
Today Carney reassured said that while there would be a period of uncertainty and adjustment, the U.K.’s banks are better equipped than they were back in the 2008 financial crisis. He also said that the BOE is willing to provide 250B GBP in additional funds should the banks need it. Last but not the least, he said that the central bank will assess economic conditions and “consider any additional policy responses.” Yikes!
The SNB intervened in the currency markets – In an e-mail, the Swiss National Bank (SNB) confirmed that it had intervened in the currency markets following the immediate rise of safe-havens like the Swiss franc. The SNB said that it “intervened in the foreign exchange market to stabilize the situation and will remain active in that market.” These guys know how to walk the talk!
The G7 officials will have a huddle – Word around the hood is that Deputy Finance Ministers of the G7 nations are scheduled to conduct a phone conference at 11:30 am GMT. Three guesses on what they’ll talk about.
4. The drama ain’t over yet
What now, you ask? The Brexit saga ain’t over, folks! According to Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty (that bit that gives EU members the right to withdraw), Britain has two years to negotiate its withdrawal from the EU.
Until then, the U.K. (and the markets) will likely have speculation sprees on the process and effects of an actual exit. Some of the popular topics include second referenda for both the Brexit and the Scottish independence, a technical recession for the U.K., and the other EU members launching their own withdrawal processes.