What is a Japanese Candlestick?

While we briefly covered Japanese candlestick charting analysis in the previous lesson, we’ll now dig in a little and discuss them more in detail. Let’s do a quick review first.

Japanese Candlestick Trading

Back in the day when Godzilla was still a cute little lizard, the Japanese created their own old school version of technical analysis to trade rice. That’s right, rice.

A Westerner by the name of Steve Nison “discovered” this secret technique called “Japanese candlesticks”, learning it from a fellow Japanese broker. Steve researched, studied, lived, breathed, ate candlesticks, and began to write about it. Slowly, this secret technique grew in popularity in the 90′s. To make a long story short, without Steve Nison, candlestick charts might have remained a buried secret. Steve Nison is Mr. Candlestick.

Okay, so what the heck are Japanese candlesticks?

The best way to explain is by using a picture:

Japanese Candlestick Anatomy
Japanese candlesticks can be used for any time frame, whether it be one day, one hour, 30-minutes – whatever you want! They are used to describe the price action during the given time frame.

Japanese candlesticks are formed using the open, high, low, and close of the chosen time period.

  • If the close is above the open, then a hollow candlestick (usually displayed as white) is drawn.
  • If the close is below the open, then a filled candlestick (usually displayed as black) is drawn.
  • The hollow or filled section of the candlestick is called the “real body” or body.
  • The thin lines poking above and below the body display the high/low range and are called shadows.
  • The top of the upper shadow is the “high”.
  • The bottom of the lower shadow is the “low”.

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  1. What is a Japanese Candlestick?
  2. Japanese Candlestick Anatomy
  3. Basic Japanese Candlestick Patterns
  4. Single Candlestick Patterns
  5. Dual Candlestick Patterns
  6. Triple Candlestick Patterns
  7. Japanese Candlestick Cheat Sheet
  8. Summary: Japanese Candlesticks