Preschool>= Lesson Status ?
Kindergarten>= Lesson Status ?
Elementary>= Lesson Status ?
Grade 1 Support and Resistance Levels
Grade 2 Japanese Candlesticks
Grade 3 Fibonacci
Grade 4 Moving Averages
Grade 5 Common Chart Indicators
Middle School>= Lesson Status ?
Grade 7 Important Chart Patterns
Grade 8 Pivot Points
Summer School>= Lesson Status ?
High School>= Lesson Status ?
Grade 9 Trading Divergences
Grade 10 Market Environment
Grade 11 Trading Breakouts and Fakeouts
Grade 12 Fundamental Analysis
Grade 13 Currency Crosses
- What is a Currency Cross Pair?
- Crosses Present More Trading Opportunities
- Cleaner Trends and Ranges
- Taking Advantage of Interest Rate Differential
- Obscure Crosses
- Planning Around News and Fundamentals
- Creating Synthetic Pairs
- Euro and Yen Crosses
- How to Use Crosses to Trade the Majors
- How Cross Currency Pairs Affect Dollar Pairs
- Summary: Currency Crosses
Grade 14 Multiple Time Frame Analysis
Undergraduate>= Lesson Status ?
- Why Keep a Trade Journal?
- Benefits of Keeping a Journal
- What Should You Record in Your Journal?
- Potential Trading Area
- Entry Trigger
- Position Sizing
- Trade Management Rules
- Trade Retrospective
- Trading Journal Statistics
- Reviewing Your Trading Journal
- Difficulties of Keeping a Trade Journal
- Summary: Keeping a Trade Journal
Graduation>= Lesson Status ?
- Which Trading Style is Best for You?
- Which Currencies Should You Trade?
- What is Your Level of Trading Experience?
- Should You Be a Discretionary, Mechanical, or Hybrid Trader?
- What Kind of Mechanical System Suits Your Personality?
- What is Your Attitude Towards Risk?
- What Kind of Stop Suits Your Trading Style?
Negative Effects of Leverage
Let the image above haunt you about the negative effects of using too much leverage and running out of margin.
Hopefully we've done our job and you now have a better understanding of what "margin" is. Now we want to take a harder look at "leverage" and show you how it regularly wipes out unsuspecting or overzealous traders.
We've all seen or heard online Forex brokers advertising how they offer 200:1 leverage or 400:1 leverage. We just want to be clear that what they are really talking about is the maximum leverage you can trade with. Remember this leverage ratio depends on the margin required by the broker. For example, if a 1% margin is required, you have 100:1 leverage.
There is maximum leverage. And then there is your true leverage.
True leverage is the full amount of your position divided by the amount of money deposited in your trading account.
Let us illustrate with an example:
You deposit $10,000 in your trading account. You buy 1 standard 100K of EUR/USD at a rate of $1.0000. The full value of your position is $100,000 and your account balance is $10,000. Your true leverage is 10:1 ($100,000 / $10,000)
Let's say you buy another standard lot of EUR/USD at the same price. The full amount of your position is now $200,000, but your account balance is still $10,000. Your true leverage is now 20:1 ($200,000 / $10,000)
You're feeling good so you buy three more standard lots of EUR/USD, again at the same rate. The full amount of your position is now $500,000 and your account balance is still $10,000. Your true leverage is now 50:1 ($500,000 / $10,000).
Assume the broker requires 1% margin. If you do the math, your account balance and equity are both $10,000, the Used Margin is $5,000, and the Usable Margin is $5,000. For one standard lot, each pip is worth $10.
In order to receive a margin call, price would have to move 100 pips ($5,000 Usable Margin divided by $50/pip).
This would mean the price of EUR/USD would have to move from 1.0000 to .9900 - a price change of 1%.
After the margin call, your account balance would be $5,000. You lost $5,000 or 50% and the price only moved 1%.
Now let's pretend you ordered coffee at a McDonald's drive-thru, then spilled your coffee on your lap while you were driving, and then proceeded to sue and win against McDonald's because your legs got burned and you didn't know the coffee was hot. To make a long story short, you deposit $100,000 in your trading account instead of $10,000.
You buy just 1 standard lot of EUR/USD - at a rate of 1.0000. The full amount of your position is $100,000 and your account balance is $100,000. Your true leverage is 1:1.
Here's how it looks in your trading account:
In this example, in order to receive a margin call, price would have to move 9,900 pips ($99,000 Usable Margin divided by $10/pip).
This means the price of EUR/USD would have to move from 1.0000 to .0100! This is a price change of 99% or basically 100%!
Let's say you buy 19 more standard lots, again at the same rate as the first trade. The full amount of your position is $2,000,000 and your account balance is $100,000. Your true leverage is 20:1.
In order to be "margin called", price would have to move 400 pips ($80,000 Usable Margin divided by ($10/pip X 20 lots)).
That means the price of EUR/USD would have to move from $1.0000 to $0.9600 - a price change of 4%.
If you did get margin called and your trade exited at the margin call price, this is how your account would look like:
You would have realized an $80,000 loss! You would've wiped out 80% of your account and the price only moved 4%!
Do you now see the effects of leverage?!
Leverage amplifies the movement in the relative prices of a currency pair by the factor of the leverage in your account.
While you are logged into your account,
you can save your progress in the School of Pipsology!
- Leverage the Killer
- Leverage and Margin Defined
- Margin Call Exemplified
- Margin + Leverage = Possible Deadly Combination
- Negative Effects of Leverage
- More on Leverage
- How Leverage Affects Transaction Costs
- Don't Underestimate Leverage