What You Must Know About Global Manufacturing PMI Trends

Now that most major economies have released their manufacturing PMI readings, let’s take a look at whether trends are improving or not and what this could mean for their respective currency’s forex price action.

But first, for the newbies just tuning in, here’s a crash course on what the PMI or purchasing managers index is all about and why it matters. Simply put, the PMI is a gauge of business conditions in an industry, be it in manufacturing or services or construction. This is based on a survey conducted among purchasing managers, asking them to rate the level of employment, new orders, inventory, deliveries and other business-related indicators during the period.

A PMI reading above 50.0 indicates industry expansion and optimism among businessmen, which is generally reflected in improving economic data later on. Conversely, a PMI reading below 50.0 indicates industry contraction and pessimism among purchasing managers, which usually translates to weaker economic figures down the line.

Now here’s how the manufacturing PMI readings have turned out for most major economies for the past months:

global manufacturing pmi trends

Woah, that’s a lot of colorful lines right there! Lemme break it down for y’all.

First up, let’s focus on the lines that are moving higher, as these show that the manufacturing industries in those countries are seeing a faster pace of expansion. If my eyes ain’t deceiving me, I’m seeing improvements in the U.K. (red line) and in the euro zone (turquoise line). Ha, it looks like ECB Governor Draghi was on to something when he claimed that a “sustained recovery” is taking hold in the region!

And now for the rest of the major economies which seem to be undergoing a downturn in manufacturing… Switzerland (light blue line) and Canada (purple line) appear to have suffered a sharp deterioration in manufacturing conditions, as their readings have also dipped below the 50.0 mark in February after previously reflecting industry expansion. Growth in China’s (blue line) and Japan’s (orange line) manufacturing sector has gradually slowed down while the U.S. (green line) has taken it down a few notches as well.

With the manufacturing PMI typically considered a leading indicator of economic conditions such as hiring and spending, forex price action of these currencies might be in for the same trends in the next few weeks or months. Do you think this could be the case? Or will other indicators have a bigger say in market movements?

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  • ForExchange

    Hi Forex Gump,

    very interesting article, usually you do not compare in charts the outcomes of such reports. I would love to read more comparisons like this about other report outcomes in the future 🙂 This might be a great way to analyse current market sentiment.

    FE

    • Thanks for the positive feedback! I’ll make it a point to add charts for comparison in my next updates.

  • Aaron W

    PMI is probably my favorite indicator, but we need to take into account that the effect of manufacturing data is weighted differently in different currencies. For example the manufacturing sector is far more important in Japan than it is in the UK or the US, where retail and service industries are more prominent.

    • That’s true! Thanks for pointing this out and I’ll be sure to emphasize this point in my next PMI update. See you around!

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